Warn Your Heart Patients about Weight Fluctuations

The corollary between obesity and coronary heart disease (CHD) is well documented. A recent study took this theory a step further and studied patients who subjected their bodies to multiple weight fluctuations defined as a series of gains and losses comprising ten percent or more of total body mass. Their research indicated that patients who gained and lost significant amounts of weight throughout their adult lives were more likely to suffer from CHD than the controls used in the study. ReactDx recommends the use of mobile cardiac monitors to ensure patients’ rate, rhythm, morphology, and P-wave functionality can be assessed constantly for a select time to determine any dysrhythmias after extreme dieting.

The first investigation was conducted over a 15-year timespan and consisted of 1,396 participating men within the Veterans’ Administration Normative Aging Study in Boston, Massachusetts. A control group of 2,280 healthy males between the ages of 21 and 61 provided baseline measurements. All patients were screened every three to five years. This study evaluated the correlation between weight changes and heart health after controlling for age, initial weight, level of risk factors, and use of tobacco.

At each follow-up appointment, subjects were weighed and the percent of weight lost or gained was recorded. Participants who gained the highest percentage of weight were found to have the greatest increase of all cardiovascular risk factors. In fact, weight gain increased cardiovascular health problems on a similar scale as an uncontrolled risk factor: age. On the other hand, men who dropped more than 10% of their overall body weight did not note a significant change in any cardiovascular risk factor.

The second study was an observational cross-sectional study of 102 subjects, both male and female. Of this sample, 61 patients were previously diagnosed with CHD and 41 were considered “healthy controls.” Participants completed a survey inquiring about weight changes in adulthood, including maximum and minimum weights, number of weight variations within the 10 years prior to onset of CHD, and amount of weight change either in gains or losses. A weight variation was defined as weight loss succeeded by weight gain that encompassed more than 10 percent of total body weight.

The study found that patients suffering from CHD had a greater amount of body weight when compared to the healthy controls. They also had larger numbers of weight variations and reported weight gains and losses that exceeded their healthy peers. The correlation between weight fluctuations and heart disease may be due to several factors: drop in HDL cholesterol, increase in C-reactive protein, increase in blood pressure, and/or changes in plasma lipid levels and insulin levels.

Both studies suggested that frequent weight changes of more than 10% of total overall body weight may be closely associated with coronary heart disease. To learn more about risk factors of cardiovascular disease, read our blogs. For information pertaining to mobile cardiac monitors to monitor your patient’s’ heart health, contact ReactDx at 800-234-3278 (800-23HEART).

Jodi is a seasoned Human Resources professional who thrives on change and transformation. She fell in love with Human Resources when she attended Penn State University for graduate school in Public Administration with a curriculum that emphasized Human Resources. After earning her Master’s degree she began her career in the manufacturing industry in Talent Acquisition and was eventually assigned the overall HR Management responsibility of three divisions which included collective bargaining. Ultimately, she made her way to transitioning a new division of a Fortune 100 company under the corporate model as well as developing and executing Human Resources policies and procedures across a broad range of functional disciplines. At the next juncture of her career, she was tapped on the shoulder by former Executives that she previously worked with to join in on an exciting start-up. Today, Jodi is the Vice President of Talent Relations and Development for Medicomp Inc dba ReactDx and is responsible for managing the strategic Human Resources function which includes mergers and acquisitions for this rapidly expanding company.

Jodi and her husband enjoy landscaping, finding new restaurants and traveling whenever life gives them the opportunity.

    *This form is intended for sales inquiries/information only. Do not include any patient health information (PHI) with your submission.

    On: all lights. Off: no light. Monitoring - Good: green light. Symptom press: green light, sound. Check Pendant: blue light. Check Battery: red light, sound.
    Do: wear always, fully insert in cradle, turn off to charge, dry, key near handset, return promptly. Don't: discard pendant, submerge, move patch